Nature's Plus Animal Parade Gummies Assorted - 50 Gummies Nature's Plus Animal Parade Gummies Assorted are bursting with chewy, delicious, all-natural orange, grape, and cherry flavors. Just two Nature's Plus Animal Parade Gummies Assorted gummies provide a broad profile of nutrients, including a full complement of 20 essential vitamins and minerals, along with 14 of nature's premier whole foods. Free from artificial colors and preservatives Free from the common allergens yeast, wheat, soy, and milk Multiple Vitamin-Mineral Supplements What do they do? Multiple vitamin-mineral (MVM) supplements, sometimes known as multivitamin-mineral supplements, contain a variable number of essential and/or non-essential nutrients. Their primary purpose is to provide a convenient way to take a variety of supplemental nutrients from a single product, in order to prevent vitamin or mineral deficiencies, as well as to achieve higher intakes of nutrients believed to be of benefit above typical dietary levels. Many MVMs contain at least 100% of the Daily Value (DV) or the U.S. Recommended Dietary Allowance (USRDA) of all vitamins that have been assigned these recommended values. Mineral levels may be lower, or in the case of high potency MVMs, most or all mineral levels may also be at 100% of DV or USRDA. Micronutrients that should be included in a complete MVM are vitamin A (or beta-carotene), vitamin B-complex (thiamine, riboflavin, niacin and/or niacinamide, vitamin B6, folic acid (folate), vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, and biotin), vitamin C, vitamin D, and vitamin E, and the minerals calcium, magnesium, zinc, iodine, selenium, copper, manganese, chromium, molybdenum, and possibly iron. Some MVMs also contain vitamin K, but people taking the medication warfarin (Coumadin™) should consult their doctor before taking vitamin K supplements. Phosphorus is another essential dietary mineral, but is so abundant in the diet that it does not need to be included in an MVM formula. The only exception is for elderly people, whose diets tend to be lower in phosphorus. Calcium interferes with phosphorus absorption, so older people who are taking a calcium supplement might benefit from taking additional phosphorus. Potassium is an unusual case, as adequate amounts of potassium cannot, by law, be sold in nonprescription products. Thus potassium, when included in an MVM formula, represents only a trivial amount. MVMs may contain iron, but these should be taken only by people who have been diagnosed as having, or being at high risk of, iron deficiency, or who have a history of frequent iron deficiency. Some nutrients may be beneficial at levels above what is possible to obtain from diet alone, and an MVM formula can provide these levels as well. Nutrients that may be useful to most people in larger amounts include vitamin C, folic acid, and calcium. Vitamin E has long been thought to protect against heart disease beginning at 100 IU per day, but more recent research has cast doubt on the value of vitamin E for heart-disease prevention. Large amounts of vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, and pantothenic acid are often included in MVM formulas. Some people claim to experience improvements in mood, energy, and/or overall well-being when taking higher-than-RDA amounts of B vitamins. While there is not a great deal of scientific research to support those observations, one double-blind study of healthy volunteers found that an MVM supplement significantly reduced anxiety and perceived stress levels, and possibly improved energy and the ability to concentrate. The importance of including the nonessential nutrient beta-carotene in MVMs remains speculative. The synthetic beta-carotene found in most MVMs clearly does not prevent cancer and may increase the risk of lung cancer in smokers. Therefore, the inclusion of synthetic beta-carotene in MVM formulas is of questionable value, and it should be avoided by smokers. This concern was validated by the results of a large study in which male smokers who supplemented with synthetic beta-carotene had an 18% increase in incidence of lung cancer, compared with those given a placebo. On the other hand, because beta-carotene can be converted to vitamin A without causing vitamin A toxicity, some manufacturers use beta-carotene as a source of vitamin A. In contrast to synthetic beta-carotene, however, natural beta-carotene and several other carotenoids may be helpful in preventing certain diseases, including some cancers. Increasingly, natural beta-carotene and several other carotenoids are found in higher quality MVMs. Another class of non-essential nutrients is the flavonoids, which have antioxidant and other properties and have been reported by some, though not all, researchers to be linked with a reduced risk of heart disease. MVM supplements also frequently include other nutrients of uncertain benefit in the small amounts supplied, such as choline, inositol, and various amino acids. Preliminary and double-blind trials have shown that women who use an MVM containing folic acid, beginning three months before becoming pregnant and continuing through the first three months of pregnancy, have a significantly lower risk of having babies with neural tube defects (e.g., spina bifida) and other congenital defects. In one double-blind trial, schoolchildren received, for three months, a daily low-potency vitamin-mineral tablet containing 50% of the USRDA for most essential vitamins and the minerals. The subjects were "working class," primarily Hispanic, children, aged 6 to 12 years. Dramatic gains in certain measures of IQ were observed in about 20% of the supplemented children. These gains may have been due to the correction of specific nutrient deficiencies (for example, iron) found in these children. However, it was not possible in this study to identify which nutrients caused the increases in IQ. Supplement Facts Serving Size: 2 Animal-Shaped Gummies Servings Per Container: 37 Amount Per Serving %DV for Children 4 Years and Older Calories 25 Total Carbohydrate 6 g 2%** Sugars 5 g Sodium 10 mg <1%** Vitamin A (as palmitate) 2500 IU 50% Vitamin C (as ascorbic acid) 60 mg 100% Vitamin D (as ergocalciferol) 200 IU 50% Vitamin E (as d-alpha tocopheryl acetate) 30 IU 100% Thiamin (vitamin B-1) (as thiamine HCI) 1.5 mg 100% Riboflavin (vitamin B-2) 1.7 mg 100% Niacin (as niacinamide) 20 mg 100% Vitamin B-6 (as pyridoxine HCI) 2 mg 100% Folate (as folic acid) 200 mcg 50% Vitamin B-12 (as cyanocobalamin) 6 mcg 100% Biotin 50 mcg 17% Pantothenic Acid (as calcium pantothenae) 2 mg 20% Calcium (as citrate) 10 mg 1% Iron (from ascorbate) 1 mg 6% Iodine (from kelp) 100 mcg 67% Magnesium (as citrate) 10 mg 3% Zinc (as citrate) 3 mg 20% Copper (as citrate) 0.05 mg 3% Manganese (as citrate complex) 0.05 mg 3% Potassium (as ascorbate complex) 1 mg <1% PABA (para-aminobenzoic acid) 400 mcg † Choline (as bitartrate) 5 mcg † Inositol 5 mcg † **Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. †Daily Value (DV) Not Established. Other Ingredients: Glucose syrup, organic evaporated cane juice, gelatin, citric acid, lactic acid, natural flavors, natural colors, fractionated coconut oil, beeswax, pineapple fruit, apple fruit, sunflower oil, lemon bioflavonoids, spirulina (naturally rich in essential nutrients), rose hips (Rosa canina fruit), whole brown rice, broccoli, spinach, mango fruit, carrot, West Indian Cherry (Malpighia glabra fruit), papaya fruit.